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发布于:2021-10-12 00:24:54  访问:61 次 回复:0 篇
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E considerable variations in imply prices of offending between blacks, Hispanics
These final results are consistent with classic macro-level perspectives (e.g., anomie-strain, conflict, social disorganization) that structural disadvantage ?adverse financial circumstances and situations of social disorganization make crime among black, white, and Hispanic populations. Second, despite the fact that the directions from the effects are comparable for rates of offending across the racial groups, variations emerge when it comes to the magnitude of your effects ?indicating that structural disadvantage measures are much more strongly related with homicide or violence for 1 racial group than a different. Even so, these findings vary substantially across offense sort and present a lot higher assistance for racial invariance positions in homicide models than in models predicting overall violence. Especially, homicide models produced only four (out of fifteen) significant or near important variations inside the effects of disadvantage across whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Therefore, the effects of disadvantage on homicide seem to show extra racial invariance than variance.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptCriminology. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2014 November 16.Steffensmeier et al.PageOn the other hand, Violent Index offending presents a much clearer image of in between group variation inside the effects of disadvantage and its Title Loaded From File certain indicators. Ten out of fifteen group comparisons from the effects of disadvantage variables have been drastically various. In unique, the effects of your overall structural disadvantage index on violent offending differed considerably across race/ethnicity; disadvantage had drastically weaker effects on Hispanic violence than on black or white violence. This same pattern was reflected also inside the effects of poverty on white, black, and Hispanic violence. Furthermore, each on the other certain disadvantage indicators (unemployment, low education, and female headship) showed significant amongst group differences. From these findings, we conclude that there is certainly extra difference than similarity inside the effects of structural disadvantage on white, black, and Hispanic overall violence. This getting, that there appears to be additional racial invariance for homicide than the Violent Index, can be interpreted in option techniques. Initial, it may be argued that homicide may perhaps show invariance in structural effects to a greater extent than general violence since homicide is far more reliably measured; namely, it represents the ultimate violent act and is extra probably to be reported (i.e., there‘s usually a physique to become Title Loaded From File explained and intensive police investigation). This view would imply that the findings for homicide really should be offered greater weight and, hence, may be interpreted as offering stronger assistance for the invariance hypothesis. Second, in addition, it is plausible that the invariance assumption applies only or mostly to very critical types of violence (like homicide) and so its scope is pretty limited. This interpretation is cons.E considerable differences in mean rates of offending amongst blacks, Hispanics, and whites ?all the discrete structural disadvantage variables (i.e., poverty, joblessness, low education, female headship) as well because the disadvantage index enhance rates of homicide and all round violence for each and every group. Notably, our all round structural disadvantage index considerably increases white, black, and Hispanic homicide rates, plus the effect sizes range from moderate to somewhat strong. These benefits are consistent with classic macro-level perspectives (e.g., anomie-strain, conflict, social disorganization) that structural disadvantage ?adverse economic circumstances and situations of social disorganization generate crime among black, white, and Hispanic populations.
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